Miscanthus

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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The activities leading to these results have received funding from the European Union Seventh Framework Program (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreement nr.  289159.

 

Very promising uses for miscanthus are seen in the building sector, where miscanthus biomass is already used in pilot projects such as insulation material, bricks and hardboards.
Miscanthus, with its extremely high genetic diversity and exceptionally high biomass production, has excellent potential to become one of the major biosubstitutes for fossil oil for bioenergy and bioproducts. Second generation biofuels, ethanol fermented from cellulose and hemicelluloses or biodiesel synthesized by gasification and the Fischer Tropsch process are likely to be the major product from miscanthus, but sustainable bioprocessing will require the development of additional value streams, particularly from components not converted into ethanol, or biodiesel including lignin derivatives, poly/oligosaccharides, chlorophyll and waxes.
As lignin makes up a large fraction of miscanthus biomass, the commercialization of lignin-derived products is another important opportunity for the use of miscanthus biomass. Some examplaes of lignin derived products which can be used for commercial application are starch lignin blends, epoxy–lignin composites and lignin–polyester blends.

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